Because PHP is a mature, and well-adopted language, many modern developers are developing web applications, web components, and websites with PHP.
In fact, 79% of all websites — including commercial e-commerce sites, banking sites, and social platforms — are written in PHP.
Whether you are a beginner or advanced PHP developer — or an IT manager — consider this your guide for learning what you need to know about developing web applications with PHP.
Read along or jump to one of the following sections:
- Learn the Basics about PHP
- Deploying Web Applications and Managing a PHP Application Server
- PHP Versions, Updates, and Upgrades
- Developing Web Applications with PHP and the Laminas Framework (formerly Zend Framework)
- Developing Web Applications with PHP: More Advanced Concepts
- Speeding Application Performance
- Improving Development Efficiency
- Developing Web Applications with PHP on the IBM I Platform
Learn the Basics about PHP
PHP is an open source scripting language that can be used to write websites and any kind of web-based application and service. Wikipedia, Vimeo, Etsy, Mailchimp, Yahoo, Wordpress, Flickr, and Magento are just a few of the commercial web apps written in the language.
Why is PHP so popular for developing web applications? PHP:
- Is a server-side language that is extremely easy to learn.
- Has a large ecosystem of extensions, tools, and frameworks, such as Laminas, which helps accelerate development and improve code quality.
- Is highly flexible, supporting interoperability with all major data stores.
Read this blog, What Is PHP?, to learn more about PHP — including the meaning of the acronym and the language’s history — and to see a code example.
PHP scripts use PHP functions to perform tasks. You can take advantage of the numerous built-in functions in PHP, or write your own. Read this blog, What Is a PHP Function?, for more information.
Global organizations in all industries are continuing to scale their PHP applications and develop new ones. To get a broader view of how organizations are using PHP, read this white paper, The Shifting Landscape of PHP Report.
Deploying Web Applications
Managing a PHP Application Server
When it comes to choosing a PHP application server, you have options. You can:
- Manually download the community PHP runtimes from the community and build the environment yourself.
- Deploy the Zend Server application server, which comes with an industry-leading PHP debugger, application monitoring tools, automated deployment capabilities, and PHP support.
- Deploy a ZendPHP Enterprise runtime on an application server. ZendPHP provides secured versions of PHP community runtimes, that come with automated updates and industry-leading support.
Options for Running Zend Server
In addition to running Zend Server on-premises, you can also run it as a cloud service in Amazon Cloud Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, or Google Cloud.
Explore your options for running Zend Server in AWS by reading these blogs:
- Blog: AWS PHP Development
- Blog: Running a PHP AWS Cluster
- Blog: Simplifying File Synchronization on PHP AWS Clusters with EFS
Using the PHP Application Magento for an E-Commerce Site?
If you are interested in using Magento for an e-commerce site — or if you are already using the platform — you can save time and money by using Zend Server. Understand how by exploring these resources:
- Blog: Running an AWS Magento Cluster
- Blog: Autoscaling Magento With a CloudFormation Template and Zend Server
Just Want to Use the Zend Server Debugger for your PHP Applications?
PHP Versions, Updates, and Upgrades
As an open source project, the public PHP community maintains PHP releases, including security patches and bug fixes, for two years from the initial release date. For an additional (third) year beyond the initial release, the community provides security updates only. You can manually download and install these updates, or you can opt for automated updates by using ZendPHP Enterprise or Zend Server.
Which Releases Are Supported Today?
Today, the organization provides comprehensive support for the current version, which is PHP 7.4. Organizations can get long-term support for PHP 5.6 and 7.1, which are no longer supported by the community, from Zend. You can read more in this blog, Use PHP 7 or PHP 5? Get the Long-Term Support That You Need.
What If You Are Running PHP 5.6 or PHP 7.1?
Today, many global organizations are running heavily trafficked, mission-critical websites on PHP 5.6 and 7.1. However, as this blog explains, running a supported version of PHP is critical for many reasons, including security.
Read this white paper, Maximize Performance and Mitigate Risk with PHP 7
- For metrics about corporate usage of the different PHP versions.
- To understand why many organizations are still running PHP 5.6.
- To learn why is it important to upgrade to a newer version.
Save Time and Money When It Comes to PHP Upgrades
Companies who are struggling to find the time and resources to manage an upgrade have options. The following documents explain how you can keep your PHP releases current and save time and money:
PHP 7.4 is the most current release. These resources detail the new capabilities it gives developers:
Developing Web Applications with PHP and the Laminas Framework (formerly Zend Framework)
Even though PHP is easy to learn, you can accelerate your development and minimize application errors by using a PHP framework. One of the most widely used frameworks is Laminas, which is an open source project formerly called Zend Framework.
The Laminas community manages and supports the framework. However, if you use it for corporate solutions, you can get long-term support for Laminas from Zend.
These resources provide general information about Laminas:
If you are using Zend Framework 3, get detailed information about using it in these documents:
Developing Web Applications with PHP: More Advanced Concepts
Using PHP Extensions and PHP FFI
PHP developers can use PHP extensions and a foreign function interface to add capabilities to their applications. To learn more about these advanced PHP capabilities, explore these resources:
- Blog: What Is a PHP Extension?
- Technical Guide: Writing PHP Extensions?
- Blog: What Is PHP Foreign Function Interface?
Improving the Security of Your PHP Code
Websites and other public-facing web-based applications and services are particularly vulnerable to hackers because they are accessible via browsers. This is why it’s critical to follow PHP best practices for ensuring security.
It’s also helpful to understand how the community manages security issues in the PHP engine, and how you can use these same principles to improve the security of your web applications. Explore these resources for more information:
Many organizations also face added data protection challenges, especially in heavily regulated industries such as financial services and healthcare. Whether your applications have stringent security requirements or not, explore these blogs to learn about cryptography and how to protect personally identifiable information:
Speeding Application Performance
While development models have evolved dramatically over the past decade, many applications are still using traditional synchronous models, which slow performance. You can improve the speed of your PHP applications by writing code that can multi-task using the asynchronous model.
Accelerate Your Apps with Tools in Zend Server
Another way you can speed up application performance — and improve insight into performance — is to use built-in tools in Zend Server. Read these resources to learn more:
Improving Development Efficiency
For more than a decade, companies have been improving the efficiency of development teams and bringing better products to market, faster, by adopting continuous integration workflows. Read how DevOps and continuous delivery can dramatically save time and improve quality:
Developing Web Applications with PHP on the IBM I Platform
Companies that use the IBM i platform can create modern, web-based applications that run natively on IBM i by using PHP. In addition to using IBM i data stores, PHP services can also use existing IBM i application logic.
Zend Server runs on IBM i. As a result, IBM i users can gain all the benefits of the PHP application server including the built-in tools for automated debugging, monitoring, and deployment.
Learn More about PHP Development on IBM i
Explore these resources to see how IBM i users can innovate and make use of their existing systems:
Get Started on PHP Development
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